Preference and Compatibility: Ageing in Place Divesting Factors in Nigeria

Corresponding author:
Onanuga Omotayo Adebayo.
oaonanuga@futa.edu.ng, bathmathy@yahoo.com

Abstract

Studies have shown that interest of sourcing for better living reduces with growing preference of staying put at same locality as a person grows older. Meanwhile, the peculiarity of ageing process could necessitate the need for modification and/or relocation within the spatial configuration of the house. This study, therefore, investigated living standard of the old people vis-a-vis the influence of indoor space syntax on progressive ageing in Akure core residential area. This was done to ascertain if the preference is in tandem with the perception ageing in place concept in Nigeria. A structured interview was the methodological procedure considered for the study and relevant literature, which allowed for an in-depth knowledge of the subject matter to give credible and valid results was also harnessed. The result shows a contrast between aged preference and the idea of ageing in place concept in Nigeria, therefore, the need for regular evaluation performance was proposed among many other. 

1.0       INTRODUCTION

The healthy functioning of a natural system, including its life-sustaining processes, depends on all concerned species participating in a coordinative way. The world became smaller and the geographical scope of coverage works inversely as people increase in age, thereby affecting the carrying out of their daily activities (Shaw et al., 2007; Oh & Kim 2009). As people grow older, they experience frail in strength and agility which are sometimes made worse by physical and health challenges (Okojie, 2010).  This, therefore, shrinks their extent of coverage in the environment. Consequently, their homes become the totality of relationships, security, personal comfort, safety, future living and consumption lifestyle aspirations experiences. This does eventually result in the need for some form of care, assistance and special consideration in all provision for the old people (Onanuga and Attoye, 2016).

In Nigeria, studies have shown that most of these old people have been living alone owing to the downtown of the economy that has resulted in their adult children relocating to a place of better economic advantages, educational opportunities, and diversity of experiences (Omokaro and Ibrahim, 2011; Onanuga et al, 2016). In return, living has become challenging as these old people have by their conditions depend solely on the neighbourhood and the house indoor space configuration they lived in. Meanwhile, ageing in place policy involves providing an age-friendly environment suitable to support older people to live actively and independently, a practice that has been enormously embraced in the developed countries to tackle the issue of ageing factor (DCLG, 2008; Wiles, Leibing, Guberman, Reeve, & Allen, 2011). This, therefore, poses a need to investigate if the environment the aged live and the residential spaces they occupied supports an active and independent living.

It is noteworthy to state at this junction that providing age-friendly environment involves mostly mechanical means which are energy demanding and cost consideration, the method could be so challenging in a country with erratic power supply and unstable economy (Libson, 2007).

A study by Clarke and Nieuvenhuijsen (2009) shows that consideration of the built environment is particularly pertinent for older people; because as they age they are likely to spend more time in their home and community environments. This could result in declining health and functional status if not well managed as the wellbeing in later life is closely related to the physical environment, which is an important mediator of ageing experiences and opportunities (Liu, Everingham, Warburton, Cuthill, and Bartlett, 2009). Hence, there may be a need to modify the physical infrastructure, or some form of rearrangement to fit within the close of the small social network of the old people. The possibility of this modification that could aid independence at old age and support ageing in place is what the study investigated.

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